Consiglio di leggere con attenzione la sezione 3.4 interamente dedicata alle LENR. Nella sua introduzione (pag. 23) si dice chiaramente, per esempio, una cosa importante che molti cercano ancora di negare: "ENEA, SRI e NRL sono stati coinvolti nei programmi di revisione negli Stati Uniti e in Italia. Il compito principale era dimostrare, sulla base dei segnali ben al di sopra delle incertezze di misura e con un controllo incrociato, l'esistenza dell'eccesso di produzione di calore durante il caricamento elettrochimico del Deuterio in catodi di Palladio. L'obiettivo è stato raggiunto e l'esistenza dell'effetto non è più in dubbio."
3.4 Low Energy Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Matter:
The study of the Fleischman & Pons Effect through Materials Science Development The Fleischmann and Pons Effect (FPE) is the production of large amounts of heat, which could not be attributed to chemical reactions, during electrochemical loading of palladium cathodes with deuterium. Energy densities measured during excess of power are tens, hundreds, and even thousands times larger than the maximum energy associated to any known chemical process. On the basis of the present status of knowledge the large amount of energy may be ascribed to a nuclear process only. The effect takes place with deuterium and not with hydrogen; in this case the assumed mechanism is a nuclear reaction between deuterons into the palladium lattice.
The most intriguing feature of the phenomenon is the substantial lack of the expected nuclear emissions associated with the excess of power production ascribed to a deuteriumdeuterium nuclear fusion process. A possible explanation is a modified nuclear decay channel, for the D-D reaction, into the condensed matter.
ENEA, SRI and NRL have been involved within review programs in the US and in Italy. The main task was to demonstrate, on the basis of signals well above the measurement uncertainties and with a cross check, the existence of the excess of heat production during electrochemical loading of deuterium in palladium cathodes. The target was achieved and the existence of the effect is no longer in doubt. The complete reproducibility of the effect and the amplitude of the signals are not yet under control since this target will require the definition of the phenomenon. Recent data, in open literature, shows that, into the condensed matter (i.e. Pd, Ti, PdO), the cross section of the deuteriumdeuterium fusion reaction, at low energy, is some orders of magnitude higher than the expected value. In this case the typical products of the reaction are observed but a new screening effect, in the order of several hundreds of eV, is observed.
Now in order to take into account the variety of phenomena, the discipline under investigation can be defined as Low Energy Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Matter (LENR) and Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (CMNS).
Recommendations to the Commission
- Include LENR in FP7 calls as research on materials as it has unlimited and sustainable future energy technology potential.
- Support the study in material science as a strategic approach to achieve the control of the technology.
- Support workshops, meetings, visiting exchanges in Europe and between European and US research institutions.
- Focus on the fundamental research aspects because of the synergy with other disciplines.